How to Vote in India - Full Process

Know How to Vote in #India

  • General Voter - Any Indian citizen residing within the country, who has attained the age of 18, can enroll himself/herself as General Voter
  • Fill Form 6 online at Voter Helpline App or at https://www.nvsp.in/. Copies of necessary documents should also be uploaded.

How to check if you are registered to vote?

Visit https://electoralsearch.in/ to see your if you are registered to vote. If your name appears in the list, you are eligible to vote, otherwise, you need to register.

Requirements for registering to vote

You can enroll as a Voter if you:
  • are an Indian citizen
  • have attained the age of 18 years on the qualifying date i.e. 1st of January of the year of revision of electoral roll
  • are ordinarily resident of the part/polling area of the constituency where you want to be enrolled.
  • are not disqualified to be enrolled as an elector

How To Register Offline

  • You can also enroll offline. Fill Form 6 in two copies . Form 6 is also available free of cost in offices of Electoral Registration Officers / Assistant Electoral Registration Officers and Booth Level Officers
  • The application accompanied by copies of the relevant documents can be filed in person before the concerned Electoral Registration Officer / Assistant Electoral Registration Officer or sent by post addressed to him or can be handed over to the Booth Level Officer of your polling area
  • Call 1950 for any help


What are the Voting Timings? 

To find out the polling hours for your constituency, you can go to the Election Commission website https://eci.gov.in/

The time allotted to voting is:
  • From 07:00 AM to 06:00 PM in general.
  • From 07:00 AM to 05:00 PM in the North Eastern region.
  • From 07:00 AM to 04:00 PM in Manipur & Nagaland.
  • From 07:00 AM to 04:00 PM in some other constituencies.
To find out the poll hours for your constituency, log on to the Election Commission website: https://eci.gov.in/
The commission has also instructed the CEOs/DEOs to give wide publicity regarding the same in their states/districts.

How to Vote in India - Full Process



Where do I go to cast my vote?
  • Find out the name and address of your polling station from the Photo Voters slip issued to you by the Election Office.
  • You can find this from the website of the Election Commission of India (www.eci.nic.in)
  • Location of most of the polling stations has been plotted on maps.
  • Click on the tab ‘Polling Station Maps’ on the ECI website.
  • You would then see the names of the states/UTs for which maps of polling stations are available.
If maps are available for your state/UT, you can:
  • Select your State/UT
  • Select district, assembly constituency and polling station names from drop-down lists
  • Click a button to see polling station location of the selected area on the map viewer on the page.
  • Polling station location is seen as a pin dropped on the map for each polling station.
  • On clicking on the pin, a balloon opens up showing names and cell phone numbers of the Chief Electoral Officer, District Election Officer, Electoral Registration Officer, and Booth Level Officer
  • There is also a link provided for electoral rolls. On clicking this link, electoral roll for that polling station opens up in PDF format and can be saved by the user on his computer.
You can vote only if your name appears in the Voter List (also known as Electoral Roll). Voters can also find information on Polling Booths, Contesting candidates, Election Dates & Timings, Identity cards and EVM.

How to Vote in India - Full Process

Name in Voter List / Electoral Roll

You can only vote if your name appears in the Voter List (also known as electoral roll). Verify your name on the list by either:
  • Logging on to electoralsearch.in
  • Calling the Voter Helpline 1950 (please add your STD code before dialling)
  • SMS <ECI> space <EPIC No> to 1950 (EPIC stands for Electors Photo Identity Card also commonly known as Voter ID card). Example - If your EPIC is 12345678 then sms ECI 12345678 to 1950
  • Download Voter Helpline App

Candidate Names

Voters can visit Candidate Affidavit Portal (click here) or download the Voter Helpline App (click here) to see the list of candidates. Please note this data is updated as affidavits are filed by candidates.

Find Polling booth (Where to vote)

  • Voters can go to electoralsearch.in or use Voter Helpline App to find their polling booth
  • Voters can call the Voter Helpline, the number is 1950 (please add your STD code before dialling)
  • For Polling station location SMS <ECIPS> space <EPIC No> to 1950
Mobile phones, cameras or any other gadget is not allowed inside a polling booth.

Voting Process at Polling Booth

  • First polling official will check your name on the voter list and check your ID proof
  • Second polling official will ink your finger, give you a slip and take your signature on a register (Form 17A)
  • You will have to deposit the slip at the third polling official and show your inked finger and then proceed to the polling booth
  • Record your vote by pressing the ballot button opposite the symbol of the candidate of your choice on the Electronic Voting Machine (EVM); You will hear a beep sound
  • Check the slip that appears in the transparent window of the VVPAT machine. The slip with the Candidate serial No., Name and Symbol shall be visible for 7 seconds before it drops in the sealed VVPAT box
  • You can press NOTA, None of the Above, if you don't like any candidate; it's the last button on the EVM
  • For more information, please see the Voter Guide on http://ecisveep.nic.in/
Mobile phones, cameras or any other gadget is not allowed inside a polling booth.

How to use EVM (VVPAT)

  • EVM stands for Electronic Voting Machine and VVPAT stands for Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT). 
  • EVM-VVPAT 

Identity Card

Voters can carry any of the below mentioned recognized ID cards for polling, Photo Voter Slip shall not be accepted as a stand-alone identification document for voting.
  • EPIC (Voter ID card)
  • Passport
  • Driving License
  • Service Identity Cards with photograph issued to employees by Central/State Govt./PSUs/Public Limited Companies
  • Passbooks with photograph issued by Bank/Post Office
  • PAN Card
  • Smart Card issued by RGI under NPR
  • MNREGA Job Card (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee)
  • Health Insurance Smart Card issued under the scheme of Ministry of Labour
  • Pension document with photograph
  • Official identity cards issued to MPs/MLAs/MLCs
  • Aadhaar Card